Part II Vocabulary and structure(0.5x30)
Directions: There are thirty incomplete sentences below. For each one there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. You should choose the one that best fits the sentence.
Then marked the corresponding letter on the answer Sheet.
21. Last year the advertising rate by 20 percent.
A. raised B. aroused C. arose D. rose
22. When he arrived, he found the aged and the sick at home.
A. nothing but B. none but C. none other D. no other than
23. The student was just about to the question, when suddenly he found the answer.
A. arrive at B. give up C. submit to D. work out
24. We are all for your proposal that the discussion .
A. be put off B. was put off C. should put off D. is to put off
25. The first, second, and third prizes went to Jack, Tom, and Harry .
A. equally B. differentl C. similarly D. respectively
26. He had never given a speech to so many people, so he felt .
A. excited B. stupid C. disappointed D. nervous
27. Success in the lab doesn’t always mean immediate success on a large .
A. business B. account C. way D. scale
28. Mr. Smith said that he did not want to any further responsibilities.
A. get on B. look up C. put up D. take on
29. It is impossible to with a person whose methods are completely opposed to your own.
A. cooperate B. correspond C. compete D. compare
30. It was the training that he had as a young man made him such a good engineer.
A. has B. later C. which D. that
31. When the interval came, everyone the bar.
A. made out B. made C. made for D. made up
32. The wide use of computers is a of the Information age.
A. urgent B. characteristic C. remarkable D. feature
33. If either of you had been able to your anger, the fight would have been avoided.
A. hold up B. hold out C. hold back D. hold onto
34. By lip reading or watching the movements of the speaker’s lips , a deaf person can actually see the person at the other telephone is saying.
A. that B. how C. what D. where
35. The story of the homeless orphan has sympathy from the public.
A. aroused B. attracted C. defended D. adopted
36. She will tell us why she feels so strongly that each of us has a role in making the earth a better place to live on.
A. to have played B. to play C. to be played D. to be playing
37. The place the bridge is supposed to be built should be the cross-river traffic is the heaviest.
A. which; where B. at which ; which C. at which ; where D. which ; in which
38. The cost of living in Glasgow is among the lowest in Britain, the quality of life is probably one of the highest.
A. since B. when C. as D. while
39. Thank you for all your hard work. T don’t think we it without you.
A. can manage B. could have managed C. could manage D. can have managed
40. According to the air traffic rules, you switch off your mobile phone before boarding.
A. may B. can C. would D. should
41. Had he worked harder, he the exams.
A. must have got through B. would have got through
C. would get through D. could get through
42. The reason why he didn’t come to school was ill.
A. due to B. that he fell C. because he fell D. because of falling
43. I can’t find my purse anywhere. You have lost it while shopping.
A. may B. can C. should D. would
44. We should learn from those are always ready to help others.
A. who B. whom C. they D. that
45. Mr. Herpin is one of the foreign experts who in China.
A. works B. is working C. are working D. has been working
46. Tom is the only one of the students who to Shanghai.
A. have gone B. have been C. has been D. had gone
47. I, your good friend, will try my best to help you out.
A. who is B. who am C. that is D. which am
48. The old man has two sons, are lawyers.
A. both of them B. both of who C. both of whom D. both of they
49. He is a man of great knowledge, much can be learned.
A. in whom B. about whom C. from whom D. of whom
50. Do you know the man just now?
A. to who I nodded B. I nodded to C. whom I nodded D. Whom I nodded to him
There is so much more meaning to a message than what exists in the spoken or written words. For example, if a person says, “you know, Barbara, I really like you,” it has different meanings depending on whether it is said by man or a woman, in an office or a bar. Context, the tone of voice, the stress put on certain words, as well as the eye contact, physical distance, and the relationship between the speaker and the listener are all factors which give meaning to what’s being said. Sometimes, these factors can generate much more meaning than the words themselves. If a friend say to me, “Gee, I can’t wait to see the result of the upcoming election,” my interpretation of that message will be based upon my knowledge of my friend’s political views, the situation with the current campaign, and my ability to understand the meaning behind the tone of voice.
Our ability to understand such cue is developed without us being aware of it through our process of socialization, Our interpretation of these cues just comes naturally. Every culture has its own set of culture cues that each member of that culture understands. It’s common how a person from culture A and a person from culture B interpret the very same words in totally different ways. Here are some examples:
When ”Sarcasm” Means “Sincerity”
Marsha thought things were going well with her new French friends, particularly Bertrand. He often invited her to interesting and fun events, but he was often making fun of her. One day at an art exhibition, while looking at a particularly abstract piece, Marsha said that she couldn’t understand what the artist was trying to express. Bertrand smiled and responded, “Yes, I’m afraid French art is far too advanced for Americans to understand.” Marsha was upset; she really liked him and couldn’t figure out what caused him to frequently make fun of her. So, she asked her host mother about it. “My dear,” the host mother told her, “This means that he really likes you. In France, when someone feels comfortable enough to make fun of you, that mean that you have been welcomes as a very close friends.”
Joshua, an American student in Heredia, Costa Rican partner to meet for coffee. When he asked what time they should meet, the response was “Nos encontramos ahora en elparquet”. “Ahora” literally means now. So, he grabbed his jacket and headed straight to the park where they agreed to meet. Half an hour later, his friend arrived without the least sigh of regret for being late. After discussing the matter with his Spanish teacher, Joshua learned that in Costa Rica, ”Ahora” means sometime within the hour. And, if people decide to meet someplace like park, it is no problem for one or the other to wait for a while because they will spend some nice time in the park, probably running some other friends, or meeting someone friendly.
When “Yes” Doesn’t Means “Yes”
Many business people might have experienced this frustrating situation in Japan. Sarah, a young businesswoman from New York, was sent to Japan to close a big deal for her company. While giving her presentation, she became more and more certain of sale because her Japanese business partners continually nodded their heads as she spoke. When she finished, she thought the deal was made and asked when they would like to sign the agreement. She was shocked when she was told that they were not yet sure if they wanted to make the deal or not. What Sarah did not know is that in Japan, nodding head does not necessarily mean “yes” as it does in the US. It can also mean “yes, I am listening and understanding what you are saying.”
These stories provide just a few examples of how language skills are simply not enough to achieve effective communication in another culture. To get the most of your international learning experience, focus on gaining cross-cultural skills will enable you do the following:
`understand how culture affects communication;
`deal with behavior that seems to you strange or offensive;
`learn from your cultural adaptation process;
`communicate more effectively.
These skills will also help you when you learn a new language. After all, language is s reflection of the culture from which it developed.
51. This passage tells us that .
A. sometimes, all the meaning of a message is revealed from the tone of voice.
B. language skills can convey more meaning than you can understand.
C. language skills alone are not enough for cross-cultural communication.
D. meaning of a message only exist in the spoken or written words.
52. According to the passage, all the following statements are not true except .
A. We are born with the ability to understand the cultural cues.
B. Marsha’s French friend, Bertrand, didn’t like her and often laughed at her ignorance of the French atr.
C. Joshua learned that in Costa Rica, people are usually late for their appointments and won’t feel sorry for that.
D. Nodding in Japan is understood in quite a different way from that in America.
53. The stories told in the passage show that language skills are not enough for people to communicate effectively in .
A. the same culture. B. another culture. C. family members. D. in the same situation.
54. will also be helpful when we learn a new language.
A. Cross-cultural skills B. Spoken language C. Behavior study D. Communicating
The automobile has given people incredible freedom of movement. It enables them to decide where they want to go and when. The automobile influences where people live and work and how they spend their leisure time. The striking changes in people’s lives created by the automobile began in the United States and have since spread across much of the globe, especially in developed countries. But even in developing nations, the automobile is increasingly reshaping patterns of living.
When the first automobiles were produced, only the well-to-do could afford them. Soon, however, prices declined as production increased in response to the growing demand. The lower prices put the automobile within reach of more and more Americans. Well-off urban residents found car ownership cheaper than keeping a horse and carriage. The growth in car ownership led to the building of more and better roads, which further increased travel throughout the nation. Before the development of automobiles, urban workers walked, bicycled, or rode horse-drawn vehicles to their jobs. But as roads improved and car ownership expanded, workers no longer had to live near their jobs.
During the 1920s, people in U.S. cities increasingly moved to the suburbs because of the freedom provided to the workers by automobile ownership. By the mid-1950s, even factories had begun to relocate in the suburbs. Wherever people have easy access to automobiles, cars play a major role in social life and the choice of recreational activities. People find it fun to hop in the car and visit friends and relatives, whether the drive takes a few minutes, hours, or days. The automobile helps make it easy to organize picnics, family reunions, and other get-togethers. Trips by automobile to such places as theme parks, national parks, and mountain and seashore resorts are a favorite type of vacation for many people.
55. Which of the following is NOT a change brought by the automobile?
A. The freedom to go anywhere in the world.
B. The changed way of entertaining ourselves in life.
C. The growth of more and better roads.
D. The disregard of the existence of national borders.
56. What does the word “well-to-do” (Line 1, Para.2) mean ?
A. Excellent. B. Well done. C. Rich. D. Better.
57. Which of the following is NOT a change directly created by automobiles?
A. More theme parks and national parks were set up.
B. More city residents moved to suburban areas.
C. More and better roads were built.
D. People have family reunions more frequently.
58. What is the author’s attitude toward automobiles?
A. Negative. B. Positive. C. Neutral. D. Indifferent.
To become a success in high tech Silicon Valley, Alan Aerts used low tech skills and hard work. He carried boxes of produce for a grocery store and sold bread to restaurants while launching a vending machine business that sells soft drinks and snack foods to workaholic computer engineers.
In 190, on his route as a bread salesman for a bakery, Aerts ran the owner of a Pac Man game control panel who was servicing his equipment at a restaurant in Oakland, California. Aerts, who always wore a shirt and tie on sales calls, was impressed by the other fellow’s jeans and T shirt and resolved to branch out on his own.
But capitalism requires capital, and Aerts had little money to spare. Living paycheck to paycheck with his wife and newborn son, he worked days at the bakery and nights at a grocery store to pay the mortgage. During downtime between jobs, he developed his business strategy. ”I’m sure I did every wrong thing you can possibly do,” says Aerts. “But I knew that with enough hard work, it would all make sense.”
To get his business off the ground, he relied on a second mortgage and credit cards, sometimes paying rates as high as 19%, to buy video game and vending machines. After purchasing several machines at retail price, he realized he could buy them directly from the manufacturers for less. And he learned that vending machines were more profitable than video games, which needed to be replaced frequently to keep up with the fickle tastes of gamers. Aerts used the contacts he made through his bakery job to prospect for new business. To hedge his bets, he put in ten years at the grocery store to earn a modest pension.
Today, Aerts’s company, Custom Vending Systems, is the largest privately owned vendor in the region. He says business is booming as the Valley’s economy blossoms after its 2000 bust. In 2005, Aerts and his wife donated $ 2.5 million to fund scholarships at the local community college. He’s still busy around the clock, but now he dedicates evenings and weekends to charity work and local politics instead of a second job.
59.Alan Aerts achieved success in Silicon Valley mainly by .
A. starting a vending machine business B. the traditional approach and hard work
C. selling soft drinks and snack foods D. selling game control panels
60. What is the possible reason for Mr. Aerts decision to branch out his own business .
A. He and his wife had been living a paycheck to paycheck life.
B. He wants to offer his son a better life when he grows up.
C. He wants to achieve financial freedom for his family.
D. He was sure that it was the right time to start his own business.
61. “Capitalism requires capital” (Line 1, Para.3) can be interpreted as .
A. capitalism is involved around capital B. capital is essential for starting business
C. capitalism is a word derived from capital D. capitalism needs the support of capital
62. By saying that “it would all make sense with enough hard work”, Mr. Aerts means .
A. it is important to understand the meaning of hard work
B. you will be rewarded if you work enough hard
C. you will understand hard work if you work hard enough
D. it is meaningless to exert hard efforts your business
66.谢谢你的礼物，这正式我想要的。A. I’ll surely remember you and your invitation to him.
B. Scientists have done countless experiments to show that praise is far more effective than criticism in improving human behaviour.
C. I have no idea what to buy for my daughter. Do you have any suggestions?
D. Thank you for the present. It’s just what I wanted.
70.他们似乎不太可能信守诺言。A. It’s urgent. Could I have her cell phone number?
B. It is he who has pointed out my shortcomings and encouraged me to get rid of them.
C. It didn’t seem likely that they would ever keep their promise.
D. I am sick of always waiting for you !
16. 17. 18. 19. 20.
第四部分：翻译(Part IV Translation), 共10题，考试时间为20分钟。
71. Sometimes, these factors can generate much more meaning than the words themselves.
72. After all, language is s reflection of the culture from which it developed.
73. The automobile influences where people live and work and how they spend their leisure time.
74. During the 1920s, people in U.S. cities increasingly moved to the suburbs because of the freedom provided to the workers by auto mobile ownership.
75. He’s still busy around the clock, but now he dedicates evenings and weekends to charity work and loval politics instead of second job.
B节(Section B)汉译英，5题， 要求将下列5个句子译成英语。
第五部分：写作 Part V Composition, 考试时间为30分钟。
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay in honor of teachers on the occasion of Teacher’s Day. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below: